The growth of inequalities has a strong resonance in public opinion, especially today after the sanitary crisis and the recession. First, we have to observe them in all their diversity: inequalities of income, wealth, territorial, between nations, cultural, professional, public services and care. Then, we must try to understand them. Are they inequalities of status, class, market power, domination? Are they inherited or renewed? Is it an economic necessity or a collective choice? Are they a consequence of innovative pushes? Thirdly, what are their consequences? What are the links with growth, with the emergence of nations, what are the consequences for the environment? What are the real effects of a perceived break in equity? Finally, how can they be regulated, and to what extent? Should we act on primary distribution or on redistribution, target the poorest, aim for equality of opportunity, attack the inheritance?
Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, Government of India
University of Turin
Prix du Meilleur Jeune Économiste